Beaglebone and OPEN-SMART Round Film Force Sensitive Resistor

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In this article we look at a Force Sensitive Resistor connected to a Beaglebone first of all lets look at the FSR.

FSRs are basically a resistor that changes its resistive value (in ohms Ω) depending on how much it is pressed. The FSR is made of 2 layers separated by a spacer. The more one presses, the more of those Active Element dots touch the semiconductor and that makes the resistance go down.

Features:
– No load resistance: >1000kOhm
– Load resistance: <1kOhm @50N
– Working Voltage VCC: 5.5 VDC(MAX)
– Working Current: 5 mA(MAX)
– Pressure Scale: 0-50N
– Response time:  < 10ms
– Recovery Time:  < 40ms
– Sensing area diameter: 9mm
– Total length: 40mm

Now the Beaglebone only supports 1.8v input as a maximum on the ADC pins, this is not a problem in this case as we are using the 1.8v reference from VDD_ADC on P9_32 and we will use one of the AIN pins.

You can see this in the image below on the P9 header

The concept is straightforward  you use a resistor network as voltage dividers, and then let each button feed a different voltage to the analog pin. So by detecting the voltage you can tell which button has been pressed. You can only detect one button at a time

 

Parts Required

 

NameLink
Beaglebone BeagleBone Black TI AM3358 Cortex-A8 development BB-Black Rev.C
Force Sensitive ResistorRound Film Force Sensitive Resistor 50N/5kg FSR Pressure Sensor
Connecting wireDupont line 120pcs 20cm male to male + male to female and female to female jumper wire

Schematic/Connection

beaglebone and fsr
beaglebone and fsr

Code Example

This example needs the Adafruit IO python library installed – https://learn.adafruit.com/setting-up-io-python-library-on-beaglebone-black

import Adafruit_BBIO.ADC as ADC
import time
 
sensor_pin = 'P9_40'
 
ADC.setup()
 
print('Reading\t\tVolts')
 
while True:
    reading = ADC.read(sensor_pin)
    volts = reading * 1.800
    print('%f\t%f' % (reading, volts))
    time.sleep(1)

Save this as fsr.py, I used the Cloud 9 IDE

Now for a gotcha, if you click on the Run button you will see something like this

Traceback (most recent call last):
File “/var/lib/cloud9/iain/fsr.py”, line 6, in <module>
ADC.setup()
RuntimeError: Unable to setup ADC system. Possible causes are:
– A cape with a conflicting pin mapping is loaded
– A device tree object is loaded that uses the same name for a fragment: helper

You need to run the python script using administrator privileges, open a terminal and enter the following

sudo python fsr.py

Output

After running you should see something like this.

debian@beaglebone:/var/lib/cloud9/iain$ sudo python fsr.py
[sudo] password for debian:
Reading Volts
0.000488 0.000879
0.003663 0.006593
0.508913 0.916044
0.524542 0.944176
0.545055 0.981099
0.557753 1.003956
0.488889 0.880000
0.000488 0.000879
0.000244 0.000440

The increase in values is me pressing the force sensitive resistor harder and harder.

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